As powerful as we believe that transformative agreements are in transition to full and immediate open access, there may be deposits where such agreements may not be the best way to facilitate the transition to full open access. For example, a social magazine that does not have the means to negotiate transformative agreements (usually negotiated at the national or institute level) and/or wishes to make available to all authors, regardless of where they are established (and whether or not they have negotiated in a country that has negotiated reading and publishing agreements) an option for open online publication. Transformative agreements provide a framework for institutes to take immediate action and directly address the subscription (and hybrid edition) payment system. Given that the vast majority of publications and scientific editions of a given institution tend to be concentrated in journals/packages of a relatively small number of publishers, implementing transformative agreements with these publishers is notably a high-impact strategy: many institutions and consortia believe that negotiating such agreements with fewer than 10 publishers allows them to obtain immediate open access to the vast majority of their results. Is it every day, or only every week, that we see a new “transformative arrangement” between a publishing house and a consortium of libraries or libraries? Or, if not a press release announcing such an agreement, a statement that this is the objective of a new round of negotiations, or perhaps broken down? Questions start almost as fast. What is reading and publishing? Is this contract in accordance with Plan S? What transforms a deal? Plan S has put the concept of transformative agreements at the forefront of contemporary discussions, but these agreements – and the requirements they are developed – are well ahead of Plan S. Individual libraries, library consortia and national organizations often develop specific requirements for the transformative agreements they seek. For example, open access agreement requirements: Accelerating the Transition to Immediate and Worldwide Open Access offer guides for Jisc collections and uk higher education institutions. Negotiating Journal Agreements at UC: A Call to Action does the same for the University of California system. ESAC: The Efficiency and Standards for Article Charges provides a list of international negotiating principles. How are the fees and how are they calculated? The main financial component is the “Publish – Read Fee.” Multiplied by the factual volume of annual publications, it represents the amount of the main invoice in accordance with the contract. The PAR levy, which is only relevant to open access publication in hybrid magazines (“Wiley OnlineOpen”), is set at 2,750 euros and remains unchanged during the three-year contract.
The PAR levy itself is an essential transitional element, as it bridges the scope for the total subscription spending of German institutions to be deferred, in order to support the country`s research results under a realistic publication scenario, while minimizing the risk of massive financial disruptions for both parties. The PAR levy of this contract is unique for the German attitude and represents a contextual balance between a given historical situation and an expected future objective.